Kurkime modernią Lietuvos ateitį kartu


Ministry of Justice of the Republic of Lithuania

Universal Jurisdiction

7 September 2022 - 3 March 2023


“Aut dedere aut judicare”

There is the obligation to extradite and prosecute perpetrators for committing such international crimes as war crimes, crimes of aggression, genocide, international terrorism by all countries (aut dedere aut judicare, Hugo Grotius).

There are various formulations of the obligation, the most well-known being the one provided under the 1970 Hague Convention dealing with terrorism on aircraft (called the “Hague formula”) and repeated in a large number of multilateral conventions (Geneva Convention and Additional Protocol I).

For this purpose, when the crime was allegedly committed abroad with no nexus to the forum State, the obligation to extradite or prosecute would necessarily reflect an exercise of Universal Jurisdiction, which is “the jurisdiction to establish a territorial jurisdiction over persons for extraterritorial events”, where neither the victims nor alleged offenders are nationals of the forum State.

Universal jurisdiction can be defined as an essential tool of international justice because of:

the limited jurisdiction of international courts (ICC and others),
national police, prosecutors and judges are all too often unwilling and unable genuinely to investigate crimes under international law (war crimes, crimes against humanity, enforced disappearances, torture, genocide and extrajudicial executions) in their own countries. For example, in Ukraine, 94 courts are not able to conduct justice because (11% are destroyed by war actions, and 9% are situated in occupied territories).
So, every state should provide its courts with effective universal jurisdiction over such grave crimes that undermine the international legal framework and eliminate any obstacles to national courts exercising such jurisdiction as agents of the international community to repress such crimes.

Prosecutor General’s Office of the Republic of Lithuania opened a pre-trial investigation in accordance with Article 100 of the Criminal Code of the Republic of Lithuania on the treatment of human beings prohibited by international law, Article 110 on aggression and Article 111 on prohibited war attacks. This indicates that Lithuania very well understands the above-mentioned obligations it has under the international law, as the signatory of Genocide and Geneva conventions. However, the additional motivation is the understanding that Ukrainian legal system is overloaded (there are registered 57 694 war crimes in Ukraine), and the assistance of other countries is very much appreciated.


The goal of the project is to conduct an analysis of how universal jurisdiction is applied in the courts of Lithuania and other European countries and to propose solutions on how to make this process more effective, especially when investigating war crimes, crimes against humanity and cases of possible genocide in Ukraine.

Project progress


Analysis of the Current Situation


Best International Practices


Roundtable Discussion


“UJ Toolkit” presented

Project files


The project explored Universal Jurisdiction as a tool to achieve justice for Ukraine war victims and as a result offered Universal Jurisdiction Toolkit for pre-trial and trial.


Dr. Kateryna Latysh
Dr. Kateryna Latysh
Dr. Monika Rogers
Dr. Monika Rogers

Related projects

5 March 2024 - 6 September 2024

Fostering green innovation export through the instruments of development cooperation

Ministry of Foreign Affairs

The aim of the project is to form a model of green innovation development into the markets of partner countries through development cooperation measures.This model will be based on the unique Lithuanian financial mechanisms to support business in terms of climate, will contribute to the implementation of economic diplomacy goals, will promote the export of green products and will have an impact on the implementation of sustainable development goals.  

Participants: Aušra Raulušonytė

5 March 2024 - 6 September 2024

Analysis and development of the Lithuanian cryptocurrency market


The aim of the project is to analyse the crypto asset markets of Lithuania and foreign capital to formulate a value proposition for Lithuania’s crypto assets for the strongest foreign capital companies. The project seeks to attract the most reliable and significant players in the global crypto asset market by initiating and encouraging dialogue with foreign capital companies. 

Participants: Viktorija Orlovaitė

5 March 2024 - 6 September 2024

Incentivising reuse of electronics in the Lithuanian public sector

Ministry of Economy and Innovation of the Republic of Lithuania

The aim of the project is to promote the reuse of electronics in the public sector by identifying and expanding opportunities for prioritising the reuse of electronics in the acquisition, use and disposal of assets. 

Participants: Rūta Kukulskytė

5 March 2024 - 6 September 2024

The algorithm of knowledge: application of artificial intelligence in Lithuanian journalism

Ministry of Culture of the Republic of Lithuania

The aim of the project is to conduct a study on the practice of using AI tools in Lithuanian journalism: Reveal the scope and variety of AI use in journalism,  Understand the fears, stigmas, and challenges surrounding the use of AI,  Promote ethical, safe, and transparent use of AI tools in journalism. 

Participants: Agnė Mikštienė

5 March 2024 - 6 September 2024

Learning from the relocation experiences of highly skilled migrants in Lithuania

Work in Lithuania

The aim of the project is to reveal the main factors, expectations and personal relocation experiences of high-skilled foreign nationals living in Lithuania.

Participants: Barbora Sharrock

5 March 2024 - 6 September 2024

Bridging the labour market skills gap: education solutions for the unemployed

Ministry of Social Security and Labour of the Republic of Lithuania

The aim of the project is to encourage greater employer participation in education for the unemployed

Participants: Agnė Pakšytė, Gintarė Petrauskaitė